In St. Petersburg, not far from the Chernyshevskaya metro station, the work of the architect Gould stands - the beautiful Tauride Garden: on weekdays and weekends it attracts many tourists, guests, residents of the city. This is a historical park with buildings, lakes, trees, an entertainment complex. The monument of landscape gardening has been known since the time of Catherine II. Find out what to visit in the garden, where to go, how to get to the place of rest.
What is the Tauride Garden
The famous Tauride Park in St. Petersburg occupies the central part of the city for a reason: it is a monument to landscape gardening art. The situation is limited by the streets of Kirochnaya, Potemkinskaya, Shpalernaya and Taurida. The park area is over 21 hectares. The name of the garden was in honor of Prince Grigory Potemkin with the title of Tauride, awarded to the figure Catherine II. These lands, on which the park is now located, were presented to the owner for conquering Crimean lands.
In 1783-1800, the Tauride Garden appeared in St. Petersburg. The creator is the English garden master architect Gould, who simultaneously built the Tauride Palace. In place of the Samoroyka River, they made a complex system of two ponds with channels, filled them with sterlet and water from the Ligovsky Canal. Two islands were built on a large pond, slides were poured. In 1866 the garden was first visited by the general public.
Soviet time gave the park of culture and rest the name of the First Five-Year Plan, then the place was called the City Children's Park. In 1985, the place was returned to its historical name. During the years of the Civil, World War I and World War II, he was badly damaged; in 1958, his restoration was completed. The garden was restored for the second time at the end of the 20th century. Today, there are sculptures of pioneer heroes, Tchaikovsky, Yesenin.
The depth of the Tauride Garden hides a complex of architectural purposes, the main one is the Tauride Palace. The front yard is separated from the street by a low fence. A two-story building with a six-column portico is crowned with a flat dome. Galleries adjoin it, from which a view of the Neva River opens. The complex includes a garden master’s house, a half-rotunda, two small outbuildings. The rotunda is decorated with stucco, connected by a double colonnade to the White Column Hall. Inside the palace, there are the Picture, Sofa, Chinese halls and Tapestry living room.
The State Botanical Garden on Chernyshevskaya still preserved historical trees along its borders. These are oaks, larch, linden. In the center, areas without trees and post-war planted ash, birch, and shrubs alternate. The southern part of the Great Pond is connected to the ground by metal bridges, which are surrounded by oaks and birches. In 1794, a greenhouse, a garden fence and a stone access bridge with walkways were built. The landscape of the park varies in relief.
Inside the picturesque park, a greenhouse has been preserved, where exotic fruits were previously grown to the royal table, and now interesting plants are growing. Even in winter, you can admire the summer exotic. Before the USSR, trees, vegetables, flowers grew there, in the 1920s there was a decline due to flooding, but by the end of the 20th century there was a restoration due to the administration of Leningrad. The greenhouse can be seen on the frames of several Soviet films, now they made a cafe like a bistro.
Modern Tauride Garden
The antique park on Chernyshevskaya after the decline, destruction and testing by the war, the blockade was restored. The modern complex has preserved alleys, lawns, a pond with six swans. On the territory they broke children's and playgrounds, updated the greenhouse, tinted monuments, and broke fountains. It attracts many visitors who come to admire the plants, nature, historical buildings, German towers.
How to get there
The exact address of the park is 48 Kirochnaya street, the nearest metro is Chernyshevskaya. The palace is located opposite the Water Museum on Shpalernaya Street, house 47. To get to the garden from the metro, you need to turn right, after 50 meters repeat the turn, exit onto Furshtadskaya Street and go to the end. The street connects with Potemkinskaya, from where the park is visible. If you turn left from the metro, after 50 meters repeat and walk to the fence along the busy Kirochnaya street, you will see a view of the south-western corner of the place.
On the official website of the Tauride Garden it is indicated that it works every day without days off and holidays. Opening hours - from seven in the morning to ten in the evening, then the park closes. You can walk on it in the morning or evening, winter or summer - the garden is equally magnificent. Do not charge for entry. The greenhouse is open on Mondays from 2 p.m. to 8 p.m., and on other days from 11 a.m. to 20 p.m. You need to get a ticket to visit the Tauride Palace in advance, lists are drawn up in 3-7 days. The ticket price will be 570-750 rubles per hour tour.
What to see
Petersburgers love a relatively young and distant garden for architecture and garden complexes. There you can see:
- Tauride Palace - it was given to the Inter-Parliamentary Assembly of the CIS, so tours are bought in advance;
- ponds - artificially created, on them you can feed swans, ducks, enjoy nature;
- Monuments to Yesenin and Tchaikovsky;
- tropical plants greenhouse, Butterfly House, cafe;
- rides, view slides, cinema;
- Little Admiralty, Kulibin Bridge.