Any adult can be frightened when he first sees marble skin in a newborn baby. In some cases, this symptom resolves on its own, but sometimes indicates the presence of another pathology that should be detected and treated. The main manifestations of the disease and what parents should do will be described below.
What does marble skin mean?
If you have never seen a baby just born, then you should not be scared if the baby's body will be purple, sometimes cyanotic in color. This color indicates that the vessels have not yet been optimized, have not adjusted to smoothly perform their functions. Within a day, the baby's skin acquires a natural pink beautiful shade. Normalization of work occurs without additional assistance from doctors.
There are other situations that can often be attributed to the norm. A mesh pattern appears on the baby's body, so parents should know what marbling of the skin is and not worry in vain. This phenomenon can be temporary or permanent, it is connected with violations in the vascular system, pathological or physiological factors. There are several options for the manifestation of this disease.
Marble skin appears in infants, due to various reasons. If the grid of the picture does not have a pronounced character, appears periodically, for example, due to temperature changes, then you should not worry about the health of the baby. As a rule, such an organism reaction is a response to one of the provoking factors:
- With abnormal, frequent meals, the elasticity of the walls of the vessels may decrease, which leads to the appearance of a marble mesh on the skin of the child.
- Damage to the walls of blood vessels during childbirth.
- A pattern may appear under the influence of strong physical exertion, which includes children's crying.
- Prematurity of the child.
- The reason may be a sharp decrease in ambient temperature.
This is marble skin in adults, the reasons for the development of this disease are varied, Doctors distinguish a symptomatic type of pathology (the pattern does not go away after warming) and idiopathic (physiological skin reaction to jumps in ambient temperature in the form of a marble pattern). The latter option is explained by spasm of arterioles, symptomatic Livedo is a consequence of a violation of blood flow to the skin in connection with some disease. Pathologies that can cause marbling of the skin include:
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- antiphospholipid syndrome;
- lupus erythematosus;
- periarteritis nodosa;
- thrombocythemia, erythremia, leukemia.
As a rule, the appearance of a mesh pattern is associated with changes in the movement of blood through the vessels. Marble skin in a teenager occurs for the same reasons as in an adult. Symptoms of the disease can be caused by dysfunction of the central nervous system, an increase in intracranial pressure, the formation of dropsy or cysts. A marble pattern may occur on the child’s leg with the development of tuberculosis. The most common causes of Livedo are the following conditions:
- heart disease
- lupus erythematosus;
- arterial disease in conjunction with cholesterol;
- inductive erythema.
What marble skin
In babies, a marbled pattern on the skin is often found, especially in the first days after birth. The symptom disappears on its own without additional treatment by 6 months, but in mild cases it can persist up to 3 years. The pathology of the reactions of the vascular system to fluctuations in air temperature is caused. Gradually, the work of the vessels is adjusted and the pattern disappears. The causes of marbled skin in adults can also be associated with fluctuations in environmental conditions, but more often relate to the development of other pathologies. Marble mesh may appear on:
Marbling skin in infants
The body of the newborn after being in the womb is not yet ready for environmental factors that affect it. Marbling of the skin in a baby, as a rule, becomes a reaction of a fragile vegetative system. It manifests itself equally often in both boys and girls. A congenital disease can be due to vascular injury during childbirth. The following are the most common factors that affect the appearance of marble blotch.
At a temperature
This factor provokes spasms of blood vessels. Marble skin in a child at a temperature becomes a response to problems of the vegetovascular system. To suppress the symptom, it is necessary to give antipyretics to the baby, rub the body of the baby with a towel. To lower the temperature, you can use a solution of water with vinegar (rub them with a child). Before the procedure, make sure that the body is not rash, fresh wounds.
The grid of drawing on handles, a leg is most clearly visible. Marbling of the skin in a child can occur along the hereditary line. If one of the parents is diagnosed with vegetovascular dystonia, then there is a possibility of transmitting this pathology to the newborn. Diseases appear on the skin due to imperfection of thermoregulation, for example, during bathing.
Another likely cause of the disease is overfeeding. The consumption of food (milk mixture, milk) in large quantities leads to an increase in blood volume. The vessels do not have enough elasticity to control a large flow, which leads to their expansion. The skin of infants is much thinner than that of an adult, so the vascular network is clearly visible through them.
The child is prone to a sharp weight gain, frequent spitting up during overeating. If you notice these signs, you should reduce portions during feeding, make longer breaks between meals. In 90% of cases of pathology in the infant, there is no reason for concern. By 6 months of life, the symptoms pass: the vascular and nervous system strengthens.
Unlike physiological reasons, pathological ones do not allow getting rid of the pattern so easily. Marble skin color in this case becomes a consequence of a certain pathology. It can be a congenital disease or an acquired one. You should pay attention and sign up to the doctor if one of the following symptoms is present:
- profuse sweat;
- blue nasolabial triangle;
- pale skin;
- low / high temperature;
- head tilting;
- too sluggish or excited state (long period of time).
Be sure to go to the doctor for an examination if one of these symptoms is present. They may indicate the development of one of the serious diseases:
- anomalies of blood vessels, heart defects;
- Down Syndrome; Edwards;
- increased intracranial pressure;
- congenital pathologies: syphilis, generalized phlebectasia;
- perinatal encephalopathy.
A significant effect on the manifestation of the above pathologies is exerted by asphyxiation during labor or intrauterine hypoxia during pregnancy. Complex, prolonged childbirth leads to the fact that the necessary amount of oxygen does not enter the brain and other important internal organs of the child. The doctor should pay special attention to newborns who have undergone hypoxia, daily observed the first week.
Marble skin - what to do
In infants, this pathology, as a rule, disappears on their own by 6 months, but parents should still determine the cause of the symptom. After that, the doctor will be able to say what to do with marble skin to prevent relapse. When diagnosing, a specialist takes into account:
- the age of the baby;
- concomitant symptoms;
- hereditary factors.
To make a diagnosis, you may need to consult a cardiologist, conduct an ultrasound of the heart, record an encephalogram, cardiogram, and a brain test. If the cause is the difference in ambient temperature, then the child just needs to be brought into a warm room and warmed, pressing against him. The physiological factor is much easier to solve than the pathological one (it was written about above).
When to treat
If this is an age manifestation, then no. Treatment of marbled skin with a pathological form consists in eliminating the underlying disease. The course of treatment is prescribed by a doctor and depends on the root cause. With the physiological form of the disease, you need to help the child form a good vascular tone. To do this, you need:
- Often and regularly take walks in the fresh air in any weather. The exception is extremely cold or hot.
- Perform massage, pay special attention to lower and upper limbs. This will help improve blood circulation even through small vessels.
- Older children are recommended to enroll in the pool, kids bathe daily.
- Temper the baby, immunity must cope with diseases on its own.