Before you buy and grow a violet, you need to know a few basic rules for caring for it. The capricious terry senpolia rots, dries up or is affected by a fungus if you violate regimes or certain points. How often to water violets, how to care for them to get a healthy beautiful flower?
Violet care at home
Having bought a plant home, you must monitor:
- Temperature condition. Care must be taken to avoid drafts and monitor the temperature stability: from 18 to 24 ° C.
- Lighting. The capricious plant does not tolerate direct rays of the sun, but needs bright light. Highlighting with a lamp will help it bloom even in the cold season.
- By water. How to water violets, not every grower knows. It is impossible for water to fall on the leaves, it is advisable to nourish the indoor flower by placing the pot on a pallet. From excess fluid, the sprout can not only stop flowering, but also die.
- Top dressing. Each variety will grow better if the flowers are regularly given mineral fertilizers when courted. An ideal option for diseases is fertilizer once a week in the warm period: in spring or autumn.
- Transplant. It is better that every year the flower is replanted in fresh land. This is necessary because the land is depleted during this period.
How to water violets
The basic rule, if you take care, is to water the flowers so that the soil in which they are not dried up and does not become hardened lump: on average, this should be done 2-3 times every week. Frequency depends on room humidity, season and soil. It should be ensured that the earth is always moist, but do not plant a swamp in a pot. Water for irrigation does not need to be taken too cold, it should be soft and settled. Remember that it is not recommended that water fall on the leaves.
Basic principles of watering:
- Decide on the method of watering, choosing from a conventional, pallet or wick. The latter is considered the most convenient of all (setting up the system, you can not water the violet for 1-2 weeks).
- Take into account that the frequency of watering depends on the material of the pot, humidity, season, indoor air quality.
- Remove water from the sump after 15 minutes.
- Use settled, boiled, filtered or melt water.
- The water temperature should be between 18 and 22 ° C.
How to place violets on a windowsill
When you are interested in how to care for violets, always remember that they love bright light, but not direct sunlight. Plants will bloom on any window sill, but you will create more comfortable conditions by placing pots on the windows facing the north, northwest or northeast side. If you chose the southern or western windows, then the lower part of the glass must be closed with tracing paper or tight-tulle.
How to feed violets
In order not to provoke the death of a flower, you need to know how to care properly, what fertilizers are intended for violets. These include:
- Common minerals. These include superphosphates, which provide flowering and active growth. It is advisable to apply colorless or whitish granules during transplantation.
- Complex minerals. One sachet helps the grower to provide the indoor flower with important mineral compounds for a long time.
- Organic top dressing. Fertilize the plant with a small amount of humus or humus during transplantation. It is recommended to feed exclusively adult and healthy individuals.
Winter violet care
Indoor flower with velvet sheets must provide the usual conditions during the cold weather. It is important to ensure that it is not deprived of light, so as not to freeze, and the air in the room does not dry out. If you want to see beautiful large flowers, then in October stop feeding the plant and, having noticed new peduncles, delete them. In this case, the senpolia, having rested, will bloom with renewed vigor. So that a delicate flower does not die in winter, it needs to provide the necessary levels of temperature, light, humidity.
When it’s cold outside, it’s important for the violet that you keep warm where it is. The optimum temperature is 20-25 ° C. At night, the value can reach 12 ° C, but it is important to ensure that the plant does not remain in the cold for a long time. It is better to put flower pots on boards, polystyrene foam, etc. In severe frosts, it is better to rearrange the flowers from the windowsill, for example, on a desk. If you leave the violet in place, then you need to make sure that during ventilation it does not fall under a draft - this will lead to burns.
Propagation and transplantation of violets at home
Growing violets and proper care is half the battle. In addition, you need to know how to grow a violet from an existing flower and about transplanting individuals. There are several breeding methods:
- Rooting a leaf in land or water. It implies cutting a leaf, growing it in water and planting it in the ground, or immediately growing it in soil.
- Breeding peduncles and stepsons. Here you need to plant a stepson or peduncle in a substrate prepared in advance. This method ensures that the violet children will have the same unique color as their mother.
- Growing a new flower with seeds. If breeding is done at home, you need to put mom-senpolia and flower-dad alongside, and after pollination, wait until the uterine box appears, then - until it dries. Then collect the seeds that you can start growing. Purchased seeds must be sown in grooves, and after they germinate, planted in pots.
Before transplanting a violet, it is important to know the main points:
- When transplanting, the ground should be wet, but not stick to hands.
- It is better not to use old pots for new flowers.
- The diameter of the senpolia should be three times larger than the pot. At each transplant, it is recommended to take the pot more than the previous one.
- It’s better to put it in a plastic container, rather than glossy ceramic.
- The soil during transplantation should be loose, contain impurities of sand and peat.
- Well, if you take expanded clay or moss-sphagnum for drainage.
- It is important that when transplanting the lower leaves of the flower barely touch the ground.
- When the violet is in a new place, she needs to make a greenhouse, covering it with a bag. You can water only the next day after transplanting.
Pests and diseases of violets
To ensure a long life for the plant, everyone should know how to care for violets. Failure to comply with the rules will spoil the germ by pests or various diseases. Uzambara violet can be affected by such microscopic insects:
- scale shields and false shields;
- wood lice;
- mosquitoes and midges;
- greenhouse whitefly.
With poor care, the flower can get sick with such infectious diseases as:
- powdery mildew;
- late blight;
- gray rot;
- vascular bacteriosis.