In most cases, radiography of the paranasal sinuses is used to diagnose inflammatory processes. It is prescribed to identify various pathologies and inflammatory diseases that occur in this facial area. Learn about the features of this procedure and the problems that are discovered with its help.
What is a radiography of the sinuses
To detect the inflammatory process, radiography is often prescribed. To detect a variety of dangerous diseases at the initial stage of development, an x-ray of the sinuses of the nose will help. This procedure is very simple, painless and does not take much time. Often this technique allows you to detect edema and fluid in the sinuses, the presence of neoplasms in them (cyst, tumor), defects in the structure of the facial skeleton, damage, and injuries of various kinds.
Indications for the purpose of the study
X-ray of the nose is an effective digital technique by which you can quickly get the necessary information about the pathology of the olfactory organ or paranasal cavities. Radiography is performed with the following indications:
- Regular nosebleeds that appear for no apparent reason.
- Closed or open trauma to the nasal bones or facial cranial part.
- The likelihood of sinusitis (with symptoms: rhinitis, headaches, fever, shortness of breath).
- Another prerequisite for an x-ray of the sinuses of the nose is the suspicion of the presence of polyps, adenoids, cysts, tumors, foreign objects.
- Assessing the progress of the treatment process.
- Preparatory measures for surgical intervention.
Contraindications to the procedure
X-ray of the sinuses has several contraindications. It can not be done to pregnant women and children up to the age of seven. The procedure is harmless and differs in small indicators of radiation, but it is contraindicated for future mothers because of the strong sensitivity of the fetus to such a study. Radiography during pregnancy can cause birth defects in the baby.
Preschoolers may have an x-ray of the nasal sinuses very rarely, because gamma rays can negatively affect a child’s bone growth. In isolated cases, the doctor gives a referral for radiography to children under 7 years of age and pregnant women (if the study becomes an alternative to the likely harm that the diagnosed disease can cause).
How often can I have a sinus x-ray
Many people wonder how often it is allowed to undergo an x-ray of the sinuses. After any examination performed using gamma rays, the patient's outpatient card is supplemented by a record of the value of radiation exposure. If it turns out that these examinations were carried out too often, the doctor may prohibit the repeated procedure. There is a nuance: X-ray of the nose has a very low dosage of radiation, so this measure is performed as many times as necessary for diagnosis.
How is the diagnosis
X-ray of the maxillary sinuses is simple and fast, without special training. Diagnosis is carried out on an outpatient basis. The patient must always take off all metal products. A person enters a special room, where the research will be conducted. He needs to take a specific pose, which directly depends on the projection of the future picture. As a rule, the procedure is performed in two projections: the occipital-submental and occipital-frontal. X-ray of the nose is done while holding the breath. The image is developed, dried and examined.
Explanation of indications
In the images obtained after the diagnostic measure, the doctor can detect all kinds of inflammation, tumors, foreign bodies in the sinuses, cysts, curvature of the nasal septum, developmental defects and the location of injured facial bones. Also, radiography can be used by doctors to diagnose sinusitis - an inflammatory process that affects the mucous membrane of the paranasal sinuses.
When a pathology is detected in the sinus of the upper jaw, they are diagnosed with sinusitis, other areas - ethmoiditis, frontal sinusitis, sphenoiditis. If pathology is detected in time, then there is a chance to avoid the development of serious complications (up to inflammation of the cerebral membrane). The doctor makes all the modifications that the x-ray shows, in the medical report, with which the patient is referred to the necessary specialist.
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Where to do and how much is a sinus x-ray
The study of the nose and its parts can be done in a public or private paid medical office in Moscow, St. Petersburg and other cities of the country. Below is the approximate price of an X-ray examination, which depends on the particular clinic:
- X-ray of the sinuses (one projection) - from 1300 rubles.
- X-ray of the sinuses (2 projections) - from 1700 rubles.
Irina, 28 years old: - She severely injured her face. When they brought me to the hospital, the surgeon prescribed an x-ray. The procedure was quick, painless. After half an hour, the doctor brought a picture and explained that cracks had formed in the facial bones from the impact. Thanks to such an effective procedure as a nose x-ray, treatment was prescribed immediately.
Maria, 35 years old: - When my daughter was 14 years old, she began to have alarming symptoms: severe headache, runny nose, fever daily, it became difficult to breathe through the nose. Arrived at the appointment with a friend's doctor, he directed the child to an x-ray of the paranasal sinuses. As a result, they diagnosed sinusitis and prescribed timely therapy.
Oleg, 55 years old: - I was disturbed by strange sensations in the nose. I decided to undergo a radiography. This procedure is carried out quickly, does not cause discomfort. Using this examination, the doctor revealed a blackout, which turned out to be a benign tumor. The neoplasm was safely removed, I feel fine and recommend that I be examined more often.Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for independent treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give recommendations for treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.