Conjunctivitis treatment in adults at home

Inflammation of the mucous membrane that covers the sclera and the inner surface of the eyelids is called conjunctivitis. It can be caused by bacteria or viruses. With untimely treatment, the disease leads to inflammation of the eyelids, chronic blepharitis, scarring of the eyelids and cornea, cataracts, glaucoma, keratitis.

Types of disease

The tactics of treating conjunctivitis depends on its form. The reason is that you can not act on different pathogens of the pathology by one method. The main varieties of conjunctivitis:

Classification feature

Type of conjunctivitis

Description

Nature of the current

Acute

It develops rapidly, has pronounced symptoms. More often due to the action of an infectious pathogen.

Chronic

It leaks for a long time. The patient has numerous subjective complaints.

Cause of inflammation

Infectious

It develops under the influence of pathogenic bacteria: pneumococci, staphylococci, gonococci, streptococci.

Viral

It occurs due to herpes viruses, adenoviruses.

Fungal

It acts as a manifestation of systemic infections: actinomycosis, aspergillosis, candidomycosis.

Allergic

It is a reaction of the body to the penetration of an allergen: dust, pile, wool, paint, varnish.

Dystrophic

The reason is the damaging effect of occupational hazards (gasoline vapors, chemicals, gases, etc.)

Treatment methods

The goal of conjunctivitis therapy in adults is to stop the inflammatory process. More often, drugs in the form of special eye drops or ointments are used for this. The duration of treatment depends on the degree and form of conjunctivitis. On average, therapy is continued for 10 days to 8 weeks.

Acute conjunctivitis

In acute conjunctivitis, it is strictly forbidden to glue and blindfold, to blindfold them. This significantly increases the risk of corneal inflammation. The main treatment regimen for acute conjunctivitis:

Groups of drugs used

Name Examples

Mode of application

Antibacterial or antiviral drops

  • Chloramphenicol 0.25%;
  • Neomycin opti.
  • Chloramphenicol 0.25%: 1-2 drops to 3-4 p. / Day for 5-15 days.
  • Neomycin-opti: 1-2 drops in the eye every 1-2 hours. In the future, the dose is gradually reduced to 1-2 drops 3-4 p. / Day

Antibacterial or antiviral ointments

  • Tetracycline ointment;
  • Acyclovir eye ointment.
  • Tetracycline ointment: lay 3-5 times daily under the lower eyelid with a course of 5-7 days.
  • Eye ointment Acyclovir: lay under the lower eyelid 5 r. / Day. 1 cm long strip.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory

  • Nevanak;
  • Indocollyr.
  • Nevanak: 1 drop in each eye up to 3 times daily.
  • Indocollyr: 1 drop 3-4 times daily for 1-4 weeks.

Antiseptics

  • potassium permanganate;
  • boric acid.
  • 0.01-0.1% warm and filtered solution of potassium permanganate: moisten a cotton pad in it, wipe it with an eye in the direction from the inner corner to the outer. Repeat 3-4 times daily
  • Boric acid: take 1 tsp for 300 ml of warm water. of this product in the form of a powder, mix, strain. Dampened with a cotton pad in the solution to wipe their eyes.

Infectious

The main goal in bacterial conjunctivitis is to suppress the reproduction of microbes. To do this, use antibacterial drugs. Additionally, anti-inflammatory drugs can be used.

Antibiotics should be used in a course of 5-7 days, even if the symptoms have decreased after several applications.

Infectious conjunctivitis in adults is treated according to the following scheme:

Groups of drugs used

Name Examples

Mode of application

Antibacterial drops

  • Albucid
  • Chloramphenicol.
  • Albucid: 1-2 drops in each conjunctival sac up to 4-6 times daily.
  • Chloramphenicol: 1 drop in each eye up to 3 times.

Antibacterial ointments

  • Ofloxacin;
  • Phloxal.
  • Ofloxacin: lay 1-1.5 cm ointment for the lower eyelid up to 3 r. / Day.
  • Phloxal: place up to 1.5 cm of ointment in the conjunctival sac 2-3 times daily.

Anti-inflammatory

Diclofenac

Instill 1 drop in each eye up to 3 r. / Day.

Antibacterial pills

Levofloxacin

1 tablet daily.

Antiseptic

Furatsilin

Rub to a powder state 2 tablets of 20 mg. Pour a glass of hot water, cool, stirring occasionally. Strain before use. Dip a cotton swab into the solution, rub his eyes in the direction from the inner corner to the outer, to remove purulent discharge. Repeat up to 3 times a day.

Viral

Antibacterial drugs in this case are ineffective. Treatment is based on the use of antiviral drugs. In addition, the doctor prescribes antiallergic drugs and drugs for dry eyes. Viral conjunctivitis in adults is treated according to the following scheme:

Groups of drugs used

Name Examples

Mode of application

Antiviral drops

  • Tebrofen;
  • Interferon
  • Tebrofen: 1-2 cap. 0.1% solution in an eye bag up to 3 r. / Day. 5-7 days.
  • Interferon: 2 cap. in the conjunctival sac every 2 hours at least 6 p. / day.

Antiviral ointments

  • Oxolinic ointment;
  • Tebrofen.
  • Oxolinic ointment: lay 0.25% ointment per eyelid 1-3 p. / Day. 3-4 days.
  • Tebrofen: lay with a glass rod over the edges of the eyelids 3-4 p. / Day for 3-4 weeks.

Antiallergic

  • Alomide;
  • Lecrolinum.
  • Alomid: 1-2 cap. in each eye up to 4 p. / day.
  • Lecrolin: 1-2 cap. for each eye 2-3 p. / day.

Moisturizing drops

Systein

1-2 drops for each conjunctival sac.

Allergic

The goal of treatment for allergic conjunctivitis is to suppress allergies. To do this, you first need to eliminate the allergen factor. The following drugs may be used in parallel:

Groups of drugs used

Name Examples

Mode of application

Antiallergic

  • Cromohexal;
  • Allergodil.
  • Cromohexal: drip 1-2 drops 4 r. / Day.
  • Allergodil: 1-2 drops 3-4 p. / Day.

Anti-inflammatory

  • Okapin
  • 2-3 drops in each eye daily. The treatment lasts 2 weeks.

Antihistamines

  • Suprastin;
  • Zirtek.
  • Suprastin: 75-100 mg / day.
  • Zyrtec: 0.5-1 tablets / day.

Drops reducing mast cell degranulation

  • Alomide 1%;
  • Kuzikrom 4%.
  • Alomide 1%: 1-2 drops up to 4 times per day.
  • Kuzikrom 4%: 1-2 drops for each eye 4 r. / Day. with a break of 4-6 hours

Folk remedies for conjunctivitis

Alternative medicine prescriptions can only be used as an addition to the main treatment prescribed by your doctor. Effective folk remedies for conjunctivitis:

  • Chamomile broth. Pour a glass of boiling water 1 tbsp. l plant flowers. Allow to cool, strain. Apply cotton swabs moistened in broth to eyes for 10 minutes. Repeat the procedure 4 times a day
  • Dill juice. Squeeze a few stalks of dill. Moisten a cotton pad with juice, place it on the eye for 15 minutes. Make lotions 4-7 times daily for at least 6 days.
Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for independent treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give recommendations for treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.

Watch the video: Conjunctivitis: Putting a Lid on Pink Eye - Dr. Sarah Kuruvilla (February 2020).