Pancreatic inflammation patients experience acute symptoms. Attacks of the disease require urgent hospitalization and medical supervision. Pancreatitis was previously considered an ailment of people with the wrong lifestyle, but recently it has been found in different categories of patients. Untimely or improper treatment of the disease can cause serious complications, up to the formation of cancerous tumors. To avoid serious consequences, it is recommended to find out the causes and signs of relapse of the pathology.
Causes of an attack of pancreatitis
Due to inflammation of the pancreas, its functioning is disrupted, enzyme deficiency develops in the body. A pathological condition can act as an independent disease or be one of the symptoms of serious digestive system problems. Blockage of the common duct is the main cause of pancreatitis, causing acute attacks. The risk group includes pregnant women and young mothers after childbirth. In this category of patients, seizures develop due to changes in the hormonal background in the body.
In addition, there are the following reasons for exacerbation of pancreatitis:
- trauma to the abdomen;
- alcohol abuse;
- long-term therapy with hormonal and other potent drugs;
- genetic predisposition;
- improper nutrition (diet deficient in proteins and vitamins);
- chronic infections;
- frequent stress;
- hormonal imbalance;
- connective tissue diseases;
- cardiovascular diseases;
- pathology of the digestive tract (gastrointestinal tract);
- frequent endoscopy sessions;
- inflammation of the mucous membrane of the duodenum;
- nervous exhaustion.
Types of Pancreatitis
Depending on the characteristics of the inflammatory process, this disease is divided into several types. Treatment is prescribed taking into account the form of the disease and other factors. Specialists distinguish 3 main types of pancreatitis:
- Acute is a dangerous type of pathology that can lead to death, in the absence of the necessary treatment.
- Chronic pancreatitis accompanies the patient all his life. It is characterized by a change in remissions with exacerbations.
- Reactive - a type of disease that is weakly expressed. This form of pancreatitis can develop into a more serious one if the patient refuses to see a doctor.
Symptoms of an attack of pancreatitis
The disease worsens when the pancreas begins to produce a large amount of enzymatic secretion amid difficulty outflow. An acute attack is accompanied by aching pain in the hypochondrium on the left side or the solar plexus. The patient's temperature rises sharply. Also, the attack is often localized in the left side of the sternum from the back. In this case, sharp pain is felt due to the large number of nerve endings in the pancreatic mucosa.
From the gastrointestinal tract, prolonged disorders in the form of vomiting, diarrhea, and nausea are possible. The normal functioning of the cardiovascular system is disrupted. The patient has jumps in blood pressure, arrhythmia, severe migraine appears. In addition, the following signs of an attack are possible: flatulence, belching, hiccups, white plaque on the tongue, chills, lack of appetite and a change in complexion.
First aid for an attack of pancreatitis
If the patient has signs of acute pancreatitis, it is important to urgently call an ambulance. The attack of the disease must be removed in a hospital under the supervision of doctors. Lack of treatment can cause serious complications. Before the arrival of doctors, the patient is shown starvation. This measure will stop the production of enzymes. It is allowed to use mineral water without gas at room temperature. The fasting period should not last longer than 2-3 days.
To begin treatment of acute pancreatitis at home, you need to stop the attack. To do this, you can make a compress of dense fabric with ice on the left region of the hypochondrium. It is not recommended to use anesthetics before the arrival of doctors, because they will complicate the determination of the location of the attack and the diagnosis. To reduce pain, you need to take a sitting position, pulling your knees to your stomach.
Patients with a low pain threshold may take No-shpa or Drotaverinum. It is preferable to use drugs in the form of injections. You can take light enzymatic drugs Mezim or Pancreatinum. With the development of a single attack, home treatment of pancreatitis is prohibited. If the patient often experiences relapses, then he can cope with the condition on his own. The lack of a positive effect requires treatment in a hospital.
An attack of pancreatitis requires an immediate visit to the hospital. If the patient has a stable condition and there are no complications of the disease, the doctor can give recommendations and send him for treatment at home. The patient must have pills or No-shpa injection solution. In addition, enzymatic preparations are needed to alleviate the condition during an exacerbation.
An important part of the successful treatment of pancreatitis is the observance of a special regimen. To quickly relieve an attack and improve your condition, it is important to adhere to the following recommendations:
- You can not warm the inflamed pancreas. During acute attacks, ice is always used to alleviate the patient's condition and relieve pain.
- The first days of treatment, it is important to control the balance of enzymes. In order not to provoke the pancreas secretion of secretion, the patient is recommended hunger up to 2-3 days. The first day is allowed to use only warm water. Diet with an attack of pancreatitis on the following days may include unsweetened tea, crackers.
- Bed rest should be maintained until the attack is completely eliminated and symptoms are relieved.
An attack of pancreatitis entails a change in the alkaline balance in the patient's body. Exacerbation of the disease in the absence of proper treatment can cause complications. The condition often leads to infection, cyst formation, and partial necrosis of the gland. The most severe cases require surgical intervention. After the operation, the patient will be forced to constantly maintain a normal condition with insulin and enzymes.
Late treatment to the doctor or refusal of diagnostic tests can provoke the transition of pancreatitis to a chronic form. In addition, the disease is fraught with the following complications:
- fluid congestion in the pancreas;
- blockage of blood vessels;
- pancreas cancer;
- blockage of the ducts of the gallbladder or intestines.