A high glycemic index or a sudden increase in the amount of dextrose in the circulatory system causes a pathology such as xerostomia, with the regular occurrence of which a man or woman must be concerned about their condition, find out additional signs of high blood sugar and make an appointment with a therapist for advice. Symptoms of high blood sugar are alarming prerequisites for diseases of the endocrine system and impaired functions.
What is high blood sugar
Overstated dextrose is a dangerous situation in which the concentration of the substance exceeds the norm. The main reasons for this change may be insulin-dependent or independent diabetes mellitus, endocrine system dysfunction, overweight problems, alcoholism, smoking. Without proper treatment, hyperglycemia will lead to ketoacidosis, microangiopathy, decreased immunity, and in severe cases, to hyperglycemic coma. According to statistical studies, endocrinologists were able to establish the normal range before and after eating foods:
Pre-meal glucose concentration (mg / dl)
120 minutes after loading with dextrose
less than 140.4
less than 140.4
Diabetes mellitus is the main disease associated with an increase in glucose due to the small amount of insulin. This dangerous disease can have acquired status or be hereditary. Diabetes is accompanied by a decrease in the ability to heal wounds, which can cause ulcers, and then trophic ulcers. In relation to type 1 diabetes, and to type 2 diabetes, hormonal drugs are used that, thanks to insulin, reduce the level of dextrose.
Symptoms of High Blood Sugar
Problems with the urinary system, abnormalities in the work of the stomach, deterioration of the brain, weight loss, emotional instability - all this is the main symptomatology of an increased level of dextrose. It is important to know how this disease manifests itself at the beginning of its development in order to start the correct treatment in time. Signs of high blood sugar in adults - a signal to contact a qualified doctor in the near future.
The first symptoms of high blood sugar are determined by the sharp dryness of the oral mucosa and viscous saliva, since glucose has the ability to remove water from the cells. Further, excess fluid enters the extracellular space, begins to be actively filtered by the kidneys, which causes frequent urination (polyuria). Water after leaving the cells can no longer nourish them, which will cause deterioration of the hair condition or the development of skin diseases. Without proper drug therapy, the condition can worsen at times, which will lead to the death of the patient.
Well-being with high sugar
Patients feel the first signs of high blood sugar - tingling in the hands, it becomes difficult for him to concentrate his attention on anything for a long time. Violations of sexual activity and vision may appear. A person with an increased glycemic index experiences constant thirst and hunger, thereby provoking weight gain and swelling of the limbs. Excess glucose in the body affects the malfunctioning of the membranes of the brain, gastrointestinal tract and urinary system.
Symptoms of a sharp increase in blood sugar
A spontaneous increase in sugar causes dehydration, furunculosis, polyphagia (increased appetite), eretism, and weakness. At night, the amount of urination increases. In addition, an excess of glucose is accompanied by constant fatigue, itchy skin and a relapse of infections of various etiologies. Numbness and muscle cramps of the lower extremities are characteristic symptoms of hyperglycemia.
How does high blood sugar manifest
Like any pathological condition, hyperglycemia is accompanied by clinical as well as psychosomatic symptoms. According to the appearance of a person and his behavior, it is possible to make assumptions about diabetes. The patient is constantly irritated, prone to causeless anxiety, and without proper treatment, acute psychoses and schizophrenia can develop. Shortness of breath, an unnaturally pale face, the smell of acetone, overweight are clear signs of glucose problems. In accordance with gender and age, characteristic signs for increased blood sugar may appear.
Representatives of the weaker sex in the modern world are forced to constantly work, so they rarely attach importance to changes in well-being. Candidiasis is the most common of the signs indicating problems with the glycemic balance, which at first is mistaken for a separate disease. Hidden types of diabetes are manifested by hypertrichosis of the body, due to the fact that hormones cannot be adequately synthesized by the endocrine glands. There is pregnant diabetes called gestational diabetes, which leads to excessive fetal development and birth problems.
In addition to the general clinical manifestations, men with high sugar suffer from impotence. Problems with hormonal balance and dextrose levels are the main prerequisites for male infertility and an increase in estrogen. Signs of increased blood sugar in men are more erased than the symptoms of high blood sugar in women, due to the characteristics of the genitourinary and hormonal systems.
Children are characterized by a hereditary etiology of diseases related to sugar balance. Symptoms can manifest themselves throughout the life of the child, but the most dangerous moment is the age of 4-8 years, when the most intense metabolic processes occur. The child does not gain weight, stops growing, suffers from enuresis. The main signs of an increase in blood sugar in infants are that urine leaves a whitish stain on the laundry and becomes sticky.Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for independent treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give recommendations for treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.